Big government market manipulation pushed by the left
This is really a regressive tax on the poor to be collected from manufacturers. The left wants to use the excuse of weather to increase the cash flow to the government so they can use it to buy votes from their favored constituents. This fits nicely with their control freak agenda. With communism and socialism exposed as failed economic models, they are trying to use "climate change" as an excuse for imposing top-down policies rather than a free market.
To ensure that the Paris agreement on climate change works, two global lenders have begun pressing national governments to ensure that polluters pay for the carbon dioxide they emit.