Business gets more efficient in recession
By most measures, Harley-Davidson has been having a rough ride.Actually it suggest the gains may very well be sustainable through tough times. The greater efficiency of operations suggest that the company has gotten better. It is too bad that government did not take advantage of the downturn to make its own operations more efficient. Instead the Obama administration has chosen to invest in inefficiency by subsidizing the poor management of government resources. Only in recent weeks have we seen California local government start to shed wasteful salaries that outstrip most of private business salaries. By subsidizing inefficiencies we prolong government failure.
Motorcycle sales are falling in 2010, as they have for each of the last three years. The company does not expect a turnaround anytime soon.
But despite that drought, Harley’s profits are rising — soaring, in fact. Last week, Harley reported a $71 million profit in the second quarter, more than triple what it earned a year ago.
This seeming contradiction — falling sales and rising profits — is one reason the mood on Wall Street is so much more buoyant than in households, where pessimism runs deep and joblessness shows few signs of easing.
Many companies are focusing on cost-cutting to keep profits growing, but the benefits are mostly going to shareholders instead of the broader economy, as management conserves cash rather than bolstering hiring and production. Harley, for example, has announced plans to cut 1,400 to 1,600 more jobs by the end of next year. That is on top of 2,000 job cuts last year — more than a fifth of its work force.
As companies this month report earnings for the second quarter, news of healthy profits has helped the stock market — the Standard & Poor’s 500-stock index is up 7 percent for July — but the source of those gains raises deep questions about the sustainability of the growth, as well as the fate of more than 14 million unemployed workers hoping to rejoin the work force as the economy recovers.