Lifting oil export ban could be tied to highway bill
Lawmakers seeking to repeal the longstanding U.S. ban on exporting crude are eyeing a federal highway bill as a vehicle to lift the oil-trade restrictions.Just this week the administration admitted the economy has slowed because of cutbacks in the energy sector and a slowdown in exports in general. This measure would help solve both of those problems and it would also have strategic benefits in dealing with adversaries like Russia, Iran and Venezuela. At the same time it would help allies in Europe and elsewhere.
Two oil export amendments have been teed up for possible consideration when the House of Representatives next week takes up legislation that would reauthorize federal highway and transit programs for six years.
The highway bill is seen as one of just a few must-pass measures on Congress’ agenda this year, making it a prime candidate for unrelated provisions, like the crude exports proposals. The highway bill also is a top priority for lawmakers, as it funds major infrastructure and transportation projects nationwide.
The Senate has already passed its own long-term highway bill without an oil export provision. If the House voted to add language authorizing widespread oil exports, the issue would be negotiated by a joint House-Senate conference committee made up of Democrats and Republicans from both chambers.
The tactic has major political benefits — if export language is added to the House transportation bill and then survives a conference committee, the Senate would never take a vote solely on the issue. Instead, the chamber would be presented with the final compromise transportation bill — in the form of a conference report — and asked to vote the whole thing up or down.
The strategy also could make it more difficult for President Barack Obama to go through with a threatened veto of oil exports legislation. The House passed legislation lifting the oil export ban earlier this month, but supporters fell 29 votes shy of the 290 they need to override the veto that White House advisers said they would recommend.
“Procedurally, we think, as do many members with whom we’ve spoken over the past week, it makes perfect sense to attach crude oil exports to the highway bill which will enable the U.S. to maintain and expand vital infrastructure,” Baker said. “Lifting the ban this year is critically important to workers and communities across the country who rely on a healthy energy economy to make ends meet.”
One proposed amendment, offered by Rep. Joe Barton, R-Texas, would repeal the oil export provisions in the 1975 Energy Policy and Conservation Act. A separate proposal, offered by Rep. Michael McCaul, R-Texas, is more expansive, repealing a slew of restrictions on oil exports (including policies that bar crude extracted on the United States’ outer continental shelf from being sold to foreign buyers).