Israeli technology could make it easier to locate and deal with terrorists

Israel Defense:
Technologies for spotting and recognizing targets remotely using biometric data are emerging around the world. One of the technologies that evolved in recent years is Automatic Target Recognition (ATR). Target recognition enables smart weapon systems to acquire targets according to visual characteristics and patterns. This technology has significantly improved the efficiency of offensive missile systems, unmanned vehicles, surveillance systems and other resources.

The significant advantage of this technology is the improvement in the fire circuit closure intervals owing to the automated target recognition. The process of identifying the target or "target acquisition" as it is referred to in the military jargon is a critical phase that starts up the fire circuit. As the fire circuit is made up of a three-phase process that includes recognition, incrimination and elimination, the ATR technology made it possible to shorten the time gap between the recognition and incrimination phases. Additionally, it enables the compilation of an accurate target bank in real time for intelligence disseminated down to battalion level. In the future, devices disseminating such intelligence all the way down to the individual trooper level may be introduced.

Along with the contribution to strategic, operative and tactical intelligence, the ATR technology has also led to the development of automatic and autonomous strike systems. One notable example is the category of loitering munitions. The option of providing a missile with the ability to search for target visual characteristics and patterns independently enabled the development of a single weapon system that incorporates all of the elements of the fire circuit. Instead of implementing a fire circuit in a decentralized manner with a surveillance team, an intelligence (incrimination) team and a strike team – this latest-generation weapon system category does it all with a single product.

Today, a loitering munition system may be launched into an enemy area cell with no predefined target, and that system will be able to acquire a target on its own and destroy it as soon as it is detected, whether the actual incrimination is accomplished using a database loaded into the weapon system in advance or whether the missile compares the target data by communicating with a remote database. Technologies are already available that will enable future autonomous strike systems to detect, on their own, targets regarding which no advance intelligence is available ("unknown unknowns"), using learning algorithms and Big Data technologies.

This technological development, as advanced as it may be, is effective for dealing with such platforms as motor vehicles, tanks, ATVs and so forth, but in some cases, the target is a person rather than a platform, mainly in the context of counterterrorism warfare in urban areas containing civilians – a scenario that fits the majority of operational activities in which armed forces worldwide, including IDF, are currently involved.
Ther is more.

Insurgencies take advantage of the ambiguity as to the time and place of attack which allows them to evade detection and in some cases escape.  That is why they have few successes in attacking elections.  With the time and the location known to both sides, it is easier to defend.  What this technology appears to do is expand that recognition to more ambiguous situations and spot and destroy attackers.  It could be a major technological breakthrough in the war against radical Islam.


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