Chavez casues run on banks in Venezuela
The central bank sought on Friday to calm fears of faltering banks a day after President Hugo Chávez unexpectedly announced the nationalization of a large Spanish-owned bank, his latest effort to intensify state control over the economy through takeovers of private companies.Chavez is not smart enough to be a banker and he continues to make a mess of the Venezuelan economy while squandering the windfall from oil profits. Since he is a self described enemy of the US, watching make the mess is interesting, but it is tragic for the people of Venezuela who deserve better.
The nationalization of the bank would extend to the financial sector a series of takeovers, which Mr. Chávez initiated last year, in industries including oil, telecommunications, electricity and steel-making.
Mr. Chávez further shook the political establishment and financial markets on Friday when he disclosed that he had used his decree powers to issue 26 laws on Thursday. They included a banking reform, although the government did not provide details on any of the laws the president decreed.
The central bank was similarly vague in its attempt to reassure depositors that the banking system was solid. It said it had enough reserves to guarantee normal financing operations throughout the economy, but did not provide new figures on its reserves, which are thought to exceed $30 billion.
On Thursday, Mr. Chávez announced plans to nationalize the nation’s third-largest bank, Banco de Venezuela, owned by the Spanish financial giant Santander. Compensating Santander could cost the Venezuelan government more than $2 billion, banking analysts here said.
Although Mr. Chávez had earlier threatened to nationalize Spanish-owned enterprises in retaliation for European immigration measures, his move surprised investors. He returned from a trip to Spain last week and assured Venezuelans that he had mended relations with King Juan Carlos, who famously told Mr. Chávez to “shut up” at a summit meeting last year.
Pavel Gómez, an economist with ODH, a financial consulting firm here, said Mr. Chávez’s government could build 500 schools for an estimated 500,000 students with the money needed to pay Santander for the takeover of Banco de Venezuela. “The true cost of this measure to Venezuelan society is open to debate,” Mr. Gómez said.
Mr. Chávez said that a Venezuelan banker had asked for his approval to buy Banco de Venezuela from Santander, a plan that the president overruled. Reports here identified the banker as Victor Vargas, a flamboyant financier whose daughter is married to the great-grandson of Francisco Franco, the deceased Spanish fascist.
“It’s possible that Santander saw the clouds gathering on the Venezuelan economy and is relieved to just get out,” said Orlando Ochoa, a financial analyst here. “But this move also destroys some of the pragmatism recently introduced into policies trying to stave off a crisis among the banks.”
Venezuelan bonds fell Friday for a second day, with the nation’s debt trading at more than 6.5 percentage points above United States Treasury securities. That puts Venezuela behind only Argentina, also struggling with rising inflation, in economic risk measures of large Latin American countries.
Indeed, fears recently arose over the possible collapse of several banks because of rules forcing them to sell $5 billion of complex securities called structured notes. Banks bought the notes last year at values tied to high black-market rates of the dollar, exposing some of them to huge losses after the local currency, the bolívar, strengthened this year.